WHAT IS EPILEPSY?
The word epilepsy means a tendency to have recurrent seizures. Seizures (or convulsions) occur when there is abnormal electrical discharge in the brain. This may be triggered by chemical imbalance or a structural abnormality. The term epilepsy is used to cover a variety of seizure types. These differ in cause, nature, severity, management and long-term outcome.
WHAT CAUSES EPILEPSY?
Some people will develop epilepsy because of brain damage brought on by injury, infection (e.g. Encephalitis or meningitis), hormonal problems, circulatory problems or tumours (Symptomatic Epilepsy). However, for most the cause remains a mystery (Idiopathic Epilepsy). It appears that those who develop epilepsy have a lower resistance to seizures than the rest of the population.
Some people with epilepsy may identify factors which bring on seizures. These could include stress, hormonal changes or illness. A particular type of epilepsy is triggered by visual stimulation such a flashing lights or flickering TV.
SUMMARY OF CAUSES
- Un known causes
- Hereditary causes
- Birth injury
- Febrile convulsions during childhood
- Infections(Syphilis,HIV/Aids,tape worms,ochocerciasis)
- Head injury
- Brain tumors
- Alcohol abuse
- Drug abuse
TYPES OF EPILEPSY
- Grand Mal (Generalised Seizure)
- Petit Mal (Absence Seizure)
- Simple Partial Seizure (Jacksonian Fit)
- Complex partial seizure (temporal lobe epilepsy)